Health insurance in Canada is provided through a publicly funded health care system set up by the Canada Health Act in 1984. The Canada Health Act specifies the conditions and criteria with which the provincial and territorial health insurance programs must conform in order to receive federal transfer payments. The health care system in Canada is funded primarily from income taxes, although some provinces may change additional fees to raise money. In this way, the health care system in Canada differs from the primarily private health care system that exists in the United States.
Because health care in Canada is publicly funded, most services are free, although they are provided by private en